Friday, March 5, 2010

The legacies of Stalin and Mao, if not as they specified 斯大林与毛泽东的罪恶遗产

The legacies of Stalin and Mao, if not as they specified


Lev Navrozov Thursday, March 4, 2010

(Lev Navrozov emigrated from the Soviet Union in 1972. His columns are today read in both English and Russian. To learn more about Mr. Navrozov's work with the Center for the Survival of Western Democracies.)

Stalin wanted to see himself as the incarnation of all virtues — and of all genius ever appreciated on earth. Said a poem about Stalin:

When the Sun in the East begins to rise,
All stars pale and melt like ice.
What all the greatest in the world have done
Is like the stars at dawn, compared with the rising Sun!

Stalin's industrial-military development (industrialization) of Russia was based on his spending on the population as little as possible to invest as much as possible into the Industrialization. Thus, Stalin's workers and low-level clerks were living in "barracks," the cheapest to build per inhabitant, and Stalin's peasants were living in the same huts in which they and their ancestors had been living, but now they were called not peasants, of course, but "collective farmers," since they worked for "collective farms," and in exchange they were permitted to grow food for themselves on their little plots of land close to their huts.

What kind of tenants lived in a Moscow ordinary apartment? Before 1917, our Moscow six-room apartment was occupied by one small family. But in the 1930s, it was occupied by six families: a lawyer and his wife; a physician with his wife and their child; a writer (my father) and his wife, a physician (my mother); a bookkeeper and his family; and a car driver of an important official, the car driver's wife, their many children, and her mother.

Built for top Soviet officials was a huge apartment building, in which every family had an apartment of their own, a unique luxury. My aunt, her high-placed husband, their nine-year-old daughter (my cousin, two years younger than myself), and their housekeeper each had their own room, until one day my cousin's father was arrested and shot. What for? Stalin was destroying the Communist Party, since he was the Communist Party, the "Soviet Government," and all organizations which did what he ordered them to do. My cousin's father praised some Communist to another Communist, who got scared and "informed" on him.

The next morning, after her father's arrest, my cousin and an adult who accompanied her appeared in our room. "My father had been arrested," she told me. "But he is innocent, he has committed no crime."

Known all over the world is an independent periodical The Epoch Times, published outside China by the freedom-loving Chinese. Its Feb. 31, 2010, article was devoted to the Chinese economy, and it is amazing to what extent the picture coincides with what I had observed in Stalin's Russia. Amazing but not surprising. Stalin discovered that a modern army able to rout Hitler's German army could be created in Russia by robbing that same population stratum which the Soviet propaganda described as having been robbed by Hitler in Germany. Mao, who came to power in 1949, followed Stalin's recipe, except that with its population of 1.331 billion, the owners of China are expected to create, by Stalin's recipe, an army able to rout not only a German army, but the U.S. army as well, to be followed by routing whoever will still remain to resist their world power.

Mao was different. He was a son of a fairly rich peasant. From 1949 to 1975, he is believed to have killed close to 70 million people. Why not? On his photograph at the end of his stay in power, that is, his stay in life, his face is fat, his forehead small, and his smile without parting his lips expresses his general satisfaction with life.

Google supplies the references to Mao's ritual, according to which it was stated whether the death sentence meant death only or torture as well. Different kinds of torture had different names, and so the kind of torture could be specified: "sitting in a sedan chair," "airplane ride," "toad drinking water," and "monkey pulling reins."

Mao seemed to have failed to understand what was wrong in his murders with or without torture. His face in old age is as innocent as that of a docile domestic animal.

In the final period of his rule, when his glory was still unblemished, Stalin was preparing to enter a new, splendid phase of his life, as I learned from his close subordinate, who had a villa not far from ours, in the countryside. In his youth, Stalin was studying to become an Orthodox priest (Orthodox Christianity was practiced in his native Georgia as it was in Russian Russia). Now, Stalin was planning to be God, according to Stalin, in Orthodox Christianity, and his sculptured holy image was to be ensconced in the important Orthodox churches, to be then spread all over the country. "Of course!" said ironically our neighbor Alisa Poret, an artist and the widow of a writer, "Remember the song: 'Stalin is our glory in all battles, Stalin is our youth and our flight'? Obviously, such words do not express divinity or eternity, but this is what they called for."

To Stalin, all that occurred in Russia since 1917 had been Stalin, and to Mao, all that occurred in China since 1949 had been Mao. All that was needed was to stretch their greatness to eternity. But that did not happen. Stalin had died before he became God. Mao died without sanctification, because religion in China occupied a lesser emotional space than Christianity in Russia. Both Stalin and Mao went through "the criticism" after their infinite power (and life) were gone. Possibly, they will be remembered no more and no less than Ivan the Stern in Russia. Outside Russia, he is not Ivan the Stern but Ivan the Terrible, and terrible is terrible. Perhaps Stalin and Mao should be recalled everywhere not as the Terrible, but as the Horrible. Stalin the Horrible and Mao the Horrible, who dragged the history of the twentieth century to the prehistoric horror, into which the entire mankind may yet sink as to its eternal live grave, with or without total extinction.


Lev Navrozov can be reached by e-mail at To learn more about and support his work at the Center for the Survival of Western Democracies, click here. If you intend to make a tax-exempt donation to the non-profit Center, please let us know via e-mail at, and we will send you all relevant information. Thank you.

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