Tuesday, December 1, 2009

共產主義同種族滅絕 波蘭立法定罪 Communist Symbols Are Illegal in Poland

陈凯一语: Kai Chen's Words:

波兰及一些前东欧共产国家正在立法在其社会中驱逐所有共产标像符号。 这与二战后的德国立法驱逐纳粹(民族社会主义党)一样。 专制暴政的标像符号毒害人的灵魂。 中国在共产制度倒台之后也必须经过同样的立法素毒过程。 --- 陈凯

Poland, as well as some other former East European Communist countries, now is taking legislative action to rid off all the communist symbols (besides historical records) from its society. Germany took the similar action after WWII to rid off Nazi (National Socialist Party) symbols from its society. Indeed these symbols poison human soul and spirit. China should take the same legislative action to rid off Mao/Communist symbols in Chinese society after the downfall of the communist regime. --- Kai Chen



【中國禁聞】共產主義同種族滅絕 波蘭立法定罪 Communist Symbols Are Illegal in Poland

新唐人電視 www.ntdtv.com 2009-11-30 08:24

下載錄像文件 https://edit2009.ntdtv.com/xtr/b5/2009/11/30/a380731.html#video


波蘭近日通過法律,禁止銷售、使用和轉播共產主義標誌。這是繼立陶宛、拉脫維亞等國之外,把傳播和使用共產主義定義為犯罪的波羅的海國家。 同時,烏克蘭也準備立法來取締共產黨。







新唐人記者 宋長河 周平 綜合報導

Poland to Ban Communist Symbols 共產主義同種族滅絕 波蘭立法定罪

By Andrew Curry AFP 11/24/2009

Poland is considering criminalizing its communist past.

Reforming Poland's hate-crime legislation may mean criminalizing communism. An amendment to the criminal code awaiting the president's signature would ban a broad category of communist symbols. Left-wing politicians say the law does more to violate human rights than protect them.

Poland is on the verge of banning communist symbols in a change to the country's penal code that could make everything from the hammer and sickle and red star to Che Guevara t-shirts illegal.

The amendment would adjust the country's hate-crime legislation to criminalize the "production, distribution, sale or possession ... in print, recordings or other means of fascist, communist or other symbols of totalitarianism." The punishment could be a fine or up to two years in prison. Exceptions could be made for artistic, educational, collecting or research purposes.

Elzbieta Radziszewska, the Polish government's special representative for equal rights issues and a member of the country's ruling Civic Platform (PO) party, proposed the changes to the law in the spring. It has enjoyed broad support from other Civic Platform politicians as well as members of the conservative Law and Justice (PiS) party, of which Polish President Lech Kaczynski was formerly a member. The two parties control 375 of the 460 seats in the Polish parliament.

The amendment would beef up an existing hate-crime law that banned "public propagation of fascist and other totalitarian systems." Similar bans on symbols of the Nazi era exist elsewhere in Europe, including Germany, but the breadth of Poland's law -- and its application to symbols of communism -- is unusual.

'Communism Comparable to Nazism'

When the changes to the law were passed by the Polish parliament in early November, Jaroslaw Kaczynski -- the president's twin brother and head of the Law and Justice party -- spoke strongly in support of it. "Communism was a genocidal system that led to the murder of tens of millions of people," PiS head Jaroslaw Kaczynski said. "No symbol of communism has a right to exist in Poland, because these are symbols of a genocidal system that should be compared to German Nazism."

The law's critics say the word "symbol" leaves the law broad to the point of absurdity, making everything produced during Poland's more than 50 years under communist rule potentially illegal, from popular communist-era movies and TV shows to the iconic Palace of Culture, a Stalinist behemoth built in 1955 that towers over central Warsaw.

"It's just a silly thing," Tadeusz Iwinski, a parliamentarian from the left-wing Polish Social Democratic party who opposes the change, told SPIEGEL ONLINE. "What does it mean, 'symbol'? Does that mean when government officials go to China and make pictures under the banner of the Communist Party they are breaking the law?"

The amendment has already been approved by the Polish Senate, and still needs the signature of the Polish president. President Kaczynski has until Monday, Nov. 30 to sign off on the penal code amendments. Iwinski says if the law goes into effect -- it's part of a larger bill including other changes to the nation's penal code -- it will likely be struck down at the European level.

Handcuffed for a Red Star

There is, in fact, a clear precedent from Hungary, where symbols of communism like the hammer and sickle and red star -- along with the swastika -- have been banned as "symbols of tyranny" since 1994. In 2003, Hungarian politician Attila Vajnai was arrested, handcuffed and fined for wearing a red star on his lapel during a demonstration.

Vajnai appealed his sentence all the way to the European Court of Human Rights, which decided last year that the ban was a violation of the freedom of expression, calling the Hungarian ban "indiscriminate" and "too broad."

"Merely wearing the red star could lead to a criminal sanction and no proof was required that the display of such a symbol amounted to totalitarian propaganda," the court ruled. "Uneasiness alone, however understandable, could not set the limits of freedom of expression."

Right-wing Polish politicians are also pushing for a law that would force local authorities to re-name street signs and buildings bearing the names of communists.

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